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  1. Anatomy
    1. Anatomy in animated gifs : skeleton, blood circulation, digestion and respiration, with a short explanation.
    2. Head
      • sight
      • sense of hearing
      • bill
    3. Body
      • size
      • shape
      • flippers
      • feet
      • feathers
      • body care
    4. X-ray or roentgenogram, skeleton and warmth picture : how do they look like inside?
    5. Thermal insulation : how do they keep warm? how do they avoid overheat or freezing?
    6. Water economy : what about drinking? Pooping penguins?

  2. Communication or ethology : body-language or how do they communicate? How do they behave during breeding, mating? Sexual behaviour, agressive behavior? What about behaviour against predators, partners?
    1. Introduction
    2. General behaviour
    3. Agressive behaviour
    4. Sexual behaviour
    5. Breeding behaviour

  3. Food
    1. Food chain
    2. Research
    3. Prey (what do they eat?)
    4. How to catch their prey?
    5. Digestion
    6. What about food shortage?

  4. Locomotion or movement
    1. On land: how do they walk on land and ice?
    2. In the water: how do they swim?
    3. Orientation: how do they navigate?
    4. Swimming speed: how fast do they swim?
    5. Diving depth: how deep can they dive?
    6. Decompression illness: why do they don't get caisson illness or bends?

  5. Breeding
    1. Engagement
    2. Nest making
    3. Mating
    4. Eggs
    5. Breeding time: how long do they breed on an egg?
    6. Chicks: how long till a chick fledge?
    7. Moulting
    8. Lifespan: how old do they get? Age?
    9. Determination of sexe at penguins

  6. Evolution
    1. Prehistory
    2. Evolution
    3. Fossils
    4. When did they lose their flying ability? Loss of aviation?
    5. Why aren't there penguins on the northern hemisphere?
    6. Discovery of penguins

  7. Names : how did they get their names?
    1. Names
    2. Taxonomy

  8. Predators or enemies
    1. Status: which species is endangered, vulnerable, lower risk/near threatened or stable: red list?
    2. Natural predators
      1. On land
      2. In the water
      3. Parasites
    3. Human enemies
      1. oil-spill
      2. eating them or using them for other products (guano, oil, eggs, etc.)
      3. over-fishing
      4. introducing other, outlandish animals
      5. influence of Antarctic stations
      6. greenhouse effect and ozone hole
      7. tourism
      8. rules in Antarctica and how approaching penguins

  9. In the zoo : information about penguin species in the zoos in ...
    1. Belgium
    2. Netherlands
    3. Germany

  10. Species
    1. Brief overview of all 17 species

    2. Maps : where do you find the most important rookeries?
      Speciaal voor InternetExplorer 7, omdat gifs anders niet werken.

    3. Characteristics and differences per group
      1. Aptenodytes or largest penguins
      2. Pygoscelis or brush-tailed penguins
      3. Spheniscus or banded penguins
      4. Eudyptes or crested penguins
      5. Eudyptula or smallest penguins
      6. Megadyptes or yellow-eyed penguins

    4. Each species apart
      1. Aptenodytes or largest penguins
        1. Emperor penguin
        2. King penguin
      2. Pygoscelis or brush-tailed penguins
        1. Gentoo penguin
        2. Adelie penguin
        3. Chinstrap penguin
      3. Spheniscus or banded penguins
        1. African penguin
        2. Humboldt penguin
        3. Magellanic penguin
        4. Galapagos penguin
      4. Eudyptes or crested penguins
        1. Erect-crested penguin
        2. Snares crested penguin
        3. Fiordland penguin
        4. Rockhopper
        5. Macaroni penguin
        6. Royal penguin
      5. Eudyptula or little penguins
        1. Fairy or little blue penguin
      6. Megadyptes or yellow-eyed penguins
        1. Yellow-eyed penguin

  11. News about penguins:
    1. recent news in 2008
    2. Archive: 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 2001 and older

  12. Photogallery: overview
    1. Penguin pictures :
      1. Adélie penguins
      2. African penguins
      3. African penguins in BouldersBeach (South Africa)
      4. Chinstrap penguins
      5. Emperor penguins
      6. Erect-crested penguins
      7. Fiordlandpenguins
      8. Little penguins
      9. Gentoo penguins
      10. Galapagos penguins
      11. Humboldt penguins
      12. King penguins
      13. Macaroni penguins
      14. Magellanic penguins
      15. Rockhopper penguins
      16. Royal penguins
      17. Snares penguins
      18. Yellow eyed penguins
      19. Pinguinale 2006 in Wuppertal (Germany)

    2. Other animals in the zoo at :
      1. Antwerp (Belgium)
      2. Olmen (Belgium)
      3. Park Paradisio (Belgium)
      4. Planckendael (Belgium)
      5. Butterflies in Knokke (Belgium)
      6. Amersfoort (Netherlands)
      7. Artis in Amsterdam (Netherlands)
      8. Apenheul (Netherlands)
      9. Burgerszoo Arnhem (Netherlands)
      10. DierenPark Emmen (Netherlands)
      11. Kerkrade Gaiapark (Netherlands)
      12. Parrots (Netherlands)
      13. Ouwehands Rhenen (Netherlands)
      14. Blijdorp in Rotterdam (Netherlands)
      15. Reptil zoo Serpo (Netherlands)
      16. Butterflies: Berkenhof and Papiliorama (Netherlands)
      17. Aken (Germany)
      18. Berlin (Germany)
      19. Duisburg (Germany)
      20. Gelsenkirchen (Germany)
      21. Cologne (Germany)
      22. Krefeld (Germany)
      23. Allwetterzoo Münster (Germany)
      24. NaturZoo Rheine (Germany)
      25. Terrazoo Rheinberg (Germany)
      26. Bird park Walsrode (Germany)
      27. Wuppertal (Germany)
      28. Basel (Switserland)
      29. Zürich (Switserland)
      30. Montagne des singes (berberapen) (France)
      31. Miscellaneous: Dortmund and Hannover (Germany), Mondo Verde (BE) and Dierenrijk Europa (NL)

    3. Fauna in the wild :
      1. Birds
      2. Lady birds or beetles
      3. Butterflies
      4. Reptiles and amphibians
      5. Insects
      6. Odonata : Damselflies
      7. Spiders
      8. Mammals
    4. Flora in the wild :
      1. Flowers
      2. Wild plants
      3. Dandelion
      4. Fruit
      5. Fungi or mushrooms
      6. Trees and leafs
      7. Misc: e.g. water and water falls

    5. Our pets :
      1. cat Kona
      2. cat Pruts
      3. cat Streep
      4. cat Krieby
      5. cat Playing together
      6. cat Zwartje
      7. cat Miechka
      8. stray cats
      9. tame rats and mice

    6. Animal shows :
      1. Irish Wolfhound 2014
      2. Bird of prey show Valkerij Borasco

    7. Fire shows :
      1. Paderborn (DE) SAM
      2. Lommel (BE) Halloween 2009
      3. Aarschot (BE) 2009
      4. Calw (DE) 2009

    8. Fantasy events :
      1. Castlefest 2009
      2. Elf Fantasy Fair 2009

    9. Living history or re-enactment :
      1. Several re-enactment events

    10. Architecture :
      1. Berlin (Germany)
      2. Elzas (France)
      3. Bokrijk (Belgium)
      4. Reflections
      5. Rails
      6. Abbay at Villers-la-Ville (Belgium)
      7. Miscellaneous

    11. Miscellaneous :
      1. Landscapes
      2. Teneriffa
      3. People
      4. Sculptures
      5. Just for fun
      6. Northsea (Belgium)

    12. Movies :
      1. Amateur penguin videos
      2. Antarctica movies with penguins

    13. Collection: my penguin collection

  13. Specials :

    1. Animated gifs (several pages) and a penguin song
    2. Penguins to eat? : recipes
    3. Relation with Sandy
    4. Birthday present
    5. Baronpenguin : a new species?
    6. Films
      1. pictures and links to trailer of "March to the penguins"
      2. pictures and links to trailer of "Happy Feet"
    7. Carnival with penguins
    8. Musical with penguins
    9. Humboldt penguins and their school in the new exhibit at Noorder Dierenpark in Emmen (NL)
    10. Games and downloads
    11. Penguin-shaped crossword
    12. Handicrafts

  14. Facebook : I would love to hear from you on

  15. Literature: books about or related with penguins, in several languages like Dutch, English and German.

    1. Penguins: books about penguins.
    2. Antarctica: books about Antarctica, including penguins.
    3. Birds: books about birds, including penguins.
    4. Magazines: magazines with articles about penguins.
    5. Novels: Novels about Antarctica and penguins.
    6. Children books: children books about penguins.
    7. Comics: comics with penguins.

  16. Links

    1. Shops online : online shops with penguin items
    2. Organisations who care about penguins
    3. Informative sites : more information about penguins
    4. Collectors : penguin collections of other people
    5. Penguin fun: funny homepages
    6. Antarctica: homepages about Antarctica
    7. Photography: penguin pictures, nature, tips about photography
    8. Nature
    9. Webcamera: pointed to penguins
    10. Others : sites with a link to me

  17. Colofon or information about this homepage

    1. Credits
    2. Press and Awards
    3. About the webmaster
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