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  • Intro
  • Aptenodytes
  • Pygoscelis
  • Spheniscus
  • Eudyptes
  • Eudyptula
  • Megadyptes

Taxonomic classification

Kingdom : Animalia Animals
Phylum : Chordata Vertebrates
Class : Aves This includes all birds.
Subclass : Impennes Swimming birds which have only rudimentary feathers
Order : Sphenisciformes This includes all living and extinct penguins.
Family: Spheniscidae It is the only family classification in the order Sphenisciformes.



Genus: Aptenodytes
Species
(scientific or latin name)
Common (English) name
Aptenodytes forsteri emperor penguin
Aptenodytes patagonicus

   Two subspecies:
  • Aptenodytes patagonicus patagonicus
  • Aptenodytes patagonicus halli
king penguin



Genus: Pygoscelis
Species
(scientific or latin name)
Common (English) name
Pygoscelis adeliae adélie penguin
Pygoscelis papua

   Two subspecies:
  • Pygoscelis papua papua
  • Pygoscelis papua ellsworthi
gentoo penguin
Pygoscelis antarctica chinstrap penguin



Genus: Spheniscus
Species
(scientific or latin name)
Common (English) name
Spheniscus demersus African or blackfooted or jackass penguin
Spheniscus humboldti Humboldt penguin
Spheniscus magellanicus Magellanic penguin
Spheniscus mendiculus Galapagos penguin



Genus: Eudyptes
Species
(scientific or latin name)
Common (English) name
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Fjordland penguin
Eudyptes sclateri Erect crested penguin
Eudyptes robustus Snares crested penguin
Eudyptes chrysocome

   Three subspecies:
  • Eudyptes chrysocome chrysochome
  • Eudyptes chrysocome moseleyi
  • Eudyptes chrysocome filholi
rockhopper
Eudyptes chrysolophus Macaroni penguin
Eudyptes schlegeli Royal penguin



Genus: Eudyptula
Species
(scientific or latin name)
Common (English) name
Eudyptula minor

   Six subspecies:
  • Eudyptula minor minor
  • Eudyptula minor iredalei
  • Eudyptula minor variabilis
  • Eudyptula minor albosignata (white flippered)
  • Eudyptula minor chatmanensis
  • Eudyptula minor novae hollandiae
Fairy little blue or Kororaa penguin



Genus: Megadyptes
Species
(scientific or latin name)
Common (English) name
Megadyptes antipodes yellow-eyed penguin


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